Pityophthorus liquidambarus Blackman 1921  



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SYNONYMY


  • Pityophthorus liquidambarus Blackman 1921. Miss. Agr. Exp. Stat. Tech. Bull. 10: 14

DISTRIBUTION.

Numbers in parentheses after each geographic unit are the number of distinct collection events in the database for that unit. For exotic species generally only countries are listed for localities outside the New World. For further information on published sources of distribution, check the REFERENCES section.


Distribution Comments.   Equihua & Burgos (1993) listed this species from Oaxaca. This is highly unlikely. There are several other related species of Mexican Pityophthorus that breed in Liquidambar styraciflua and their report is probably a misidentification.


  • North America (72)
    México (1): Oaxaca (1); United States (71): Alabama (1), Arkansas (2), Connecticut (1), Delaware (1), District of Columbia (1), Florida (14), Georgia (4), Illinois (1), Indiana (1), Louisiana (7), Maryland (2), Mississippi (10), North Carolina (8), South Carolina (2), Tennessee (1), Texas (12), West Virginia (3);


HOSTS

Numbers in parentheses after each host family, genus, or collection method are the number of distinct collection events in the database for that host or method.


  • No host information (23);
  • Hamamelidaceae (19): Liquidambar (19): no species data (3), styraciflua (16);
  • trap (30) (13): alpha pinene + ethanol (12), ethanol (1); bottle trap (2): no details (2); flight intercept (1): no details (1); light (4): mercury vapor + ultraviol (3), ultraviolet (1); Lindgren Funnel (9): no details (8), ethanol (1); window trap (1): no details (1);


REFERENCES

The following are important recent monographs, catalogs, and supplements to catalogs that refer to this species. The specific page on which the reference is made is shown in pink at the end of the reference. In the case of Wood (1982) and Wood & Bright (1992) clicking on the reference page will link to a digital version of the work in question.


  • Bright, D.E. 1981. A taxonomic monograph of the genus Pityophthorus Eichhoff in North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Entomol. Soc. Can. Mem. 118:1-378. [64]. (data capture complete)
  • Wood, S.L. 1982. The bark and ambrosia beetles of North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), a taxonomic monograph. Great Basin Nat. Mem. 6:1-1356. [1133]. (data capture complete)
  • Wood, S.L., Bright,D.E. 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), Part 2. Taxonomic Index. Great Basin Nat. Mem. 13:1-1553 (vol. A, B). [1009]

The following are references from which host and distribution data have been input into the database. If one of the above monographs or catalogs also appears in this list, it means that most relevant collection event data have been included.


  1. . . .
  2. Beal, J.A., Massey, C.L. 1945. Bark beetles and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytoidea) with special reference to the species ocurring in North Carolina. Duke Univ. School of Forestry Bull. 10 : 1-178.
  3. Blackman, M.W. 1921. Descriptions of eight new bark beetles (Ipidae) from Mississippi. Miss. Agric. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 10 : 1-16.
  4. Bright, D.E. 1981. A taxonomic monograph of the genus Pityophthorus Eichhoff in North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Entomol. Soc. Can. Mem. 118: 1-378.
  5. Bright, D.E., Skidmore, R.E. 2002. A Catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera), Supplement 2 (1995-1999). NRC Research Press: 1-523.
  6. Deyrup, M.A.; Atkinson, T.H. 1987. New records of Scolytidae (Coleoptera) from Indiana and Florida. Great Lakes Entomol. 20: 67-68.
  7. EDRR 2011. USFS Early Detection Rapid Response Database. http://www.fs.fed.us/invasivespecies/earlydetection.shtml/.
  8. EDRR 2014. USFS Early Detection Rapid Response Database. http://www.fs.fed.us/invasivespecies/earlydetection.shtml/.
  9. Equihua M., A, Burgos S., A. 1993. Notas sobre la distribución de Scolytidae (Coleoptera) de México y el sur de Texas (EUA). Agrociéncia ser.Proteccion Vegetal 4(3: 305-318.
  10. Oliver J.B., Mannion C.M. 2001. Ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera : Scolytidae) species attacking chestnut and captured in ethanol-baited traps in middle Tennessee. Environ. Entomol. 30(5): 909-918.
  11. Rabaglia, R.J. 2003. Annotated list of the bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera : Scolytidae) of Maryland, with new distributional records. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 105(2): 373-379..
  12. Rabaglia, R.J.; Valenti, M.A. 2003. Annotated list of the bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) of Delaware, with new distribution records. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 105(2): 312-319.
  13. Weber, B.C., MacPherson, J.E. 1991. Seasonal Flight Patterns Of Scolytidae (Coleoptera) In Black-Walnut Plantations In North-Carolina And Illinois. Coleopterists Bull. 45(1): 45-56.
  14. Wood, S.L. 1982. The bark and ambrosia beetles of North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), a taxonomic monograph. Great Basin Nat. Mem. 6: 1-1356.

Show Map   Distribution Map Go to information summary  Go to table of records   


Maps automatically open at the center of the plotted points and the scale is set to encompass all map points. Maps can be resized (scale bar at upper left) and the center moved (place cursor over map and drag) to see other parts of the distribution of the species. Clicking on a map marker will pull up collection event data and a literature citation if present. If any errors are found, please refer to the "series code" which is a unique identifier for a database record in any communications). Coordinates have not been entered for all collection records. Localities outside the New World are not plotted, even though they are listed in the distribution summary and in the table of records.



Show Table   Collection Records Go to information summary  Go to distribution map   


No.Collection dataPublication
North America
1-> México, Oaxaca, Carr. Oaxaxa-Valle Nacional, km 69; Burgos S., A.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[unknown () (Equihua M., A, Burgos S., A. 1993: 309)]
2-> United States, Alabama, Haines Island Park; 24/VII/1995; Schieffer, T.L.; trap: light ultraviolet[MEM (1) ( : 1)]
3-> United States, Arkansas, Mt. Magazine, East End Rec. Area.; 14/V/1994; LeDoux, D., Riley, E.G.[EGRC (1) (TH Atkinson-2012, unpublished)]
4-> United States, Arkansas, Texarkana; Hopkins, A.D.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar[USNM (2) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)]
5-> United States, Connecticut, Milford[Unknown () (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)]
6-> United States, Delaware, Redden St. For.; 28/VII/1997; Valenti, M.A.[RJRC (1) (Rabaglia, R.J.; Valenti, M.A. 2003: 317) (Bright, D.E., Skidmore, R.E. 2002: 518)]
7-> United States, District of Columbia, Washington; Hubbard, H.G.; Schwarz, E.A.[USNM (1) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)]
8-> United States, Florida, Branford; 7/VII/2015; Atkinson, T.H.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[UTIC (17) (TH Atkinson-2015, unpublished)] [ASUT (10) (TH Atkinson-2015, unpublished)] [UTIC () (TH Atkinson-2015, unpublished)] [UAIC (8) (TH Atkinson-2015, unpublished)]
9-> United States, Florida, Gainesville; 18/I/1989; Atkinson, T.H.; trap ethanol[FSCA (1) (TH Atkinson-1989, unpublished)]
10-> United States, Florida, Gainesville; 30/VII/1987; Atkinson, T.H.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[TAMU (60) (TH Atkinson-1989, unpublished)]
11-> United States, Florida, Gainesville; 31/I/1988; Atkinson, T.H.[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2007, unpublished)]
12-> United States, Florida, Haw Creek; Hubbard, H.G.; Schwarz, E.A.[MCZ (5) (TH Atkinson-1988, unpublished)] [USNM (1) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
13-> United States, Florida, Hernando County; 4/III/1930; Tigner, C.C.[USNM (1) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
14-> United States, Florida, Highland Hammock St. Pk.; 5/III/1985; Deyrup, M.A.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[ABS (2) (MA Deyrup-, unpublished) (TH Atkinson-1987, unpublished)]
15-> United States, Florida, Marianna; Fiske, W.F.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar[USNM (6) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
16-> United States, Florida, Monticello; 15/VI/1951; Wood, S.L.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (2) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
17-> United States, Florida, Paynes Prarie St. Pres.; 27/III/1988; Lundgren, R.W.; trap: flight intercept[RWLC (1) (TH Atkinson-1988, unpublished)]
18-> United States, Florida, St Leo; 4/V/1985; Deyrup, M.A.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[ABS (16) (MA Deyrup-, unpublished) (TH Atkinson-1987, unpublished)]
19-> United States, Florida, Suwannee Springs; 15/VI/1951; Wood, S.L.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (2) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
20-> United States, Florida, Torreya St. Pk.; 6/V/2007; Turnbow, R.H.[RHTC (1) (TH Atkinson-2014, unpublished)]
21-> United States, Florida, Withlacoochee St. For., Silver Lake; 6/VI/1986; Deyrup, M.A.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[ABS (5) (MA Deyrup-, unpublished) (TH Atkinson-1987, unpublished)]
22-> United States, Georgia, Bishop; 21/IV/2010; Brownell, K.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
23-> United States, Georgia, Riceboro; 12/VII/1951; Wood, S.L.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (4) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)]
24-> United States, Georgia, Savannah; Fiske, W.F.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar[USNM (4) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)]
25-> United States, Georgia, Winterville; 21/IV/2010; Brownell, K.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
26-> United States, Illinois, Alexander Co.; 1989; Weber, B.C.; trap: window trap[unknown (1) (Weber, B.C., MacPherson, J.E. 1991: 55)]
27-> United States, Indiana, Clark St. For. Underwood; Deyrup, M.A.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[ABS (1) (Deyrup, M.A.; Atkinson, T.H. 1987: 68)]
28-> United States, Louisiana, Alexandria; 1/III/2010; Haley, T.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
29-> United States, Louisiana, Baton Rouge; 20/X/1985; Rider, D.A.; trap: light mercury vapor + ultraviol[LSAM (1) (TH Atkinson-1988, unpublished)]
30-> United States, Louisiana, Baton Rouge; 5/V/1986; Riley, E.G.; trap: light mercury vapor + ultraviol[LSAM (1) (TH Atkinson-1988, unpublished)]
31-> United States, Louisiana, Baton Rouge; 13/IX/1986; Rider, D.A.; trap: light mercury vapor + ultraviol[LSAM (1) (TH Atkinson-1988, unpublished)]
32-> United States, Louisiana, Delta Point; 1/III/2010; Haley, T.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (3) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
33-> United States, Louisiana, Mound; 2/III/1920; Blackman, M.W.[USNM (1: lectotype) (Blackman, M.W. 1921: 450) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
34-> United States, Louisiana, Vidalia; 3/III/2010; Haley, T.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
35-> United States, Maryland, Charles Co.[unknown () (Rabaglia, R.J. 2003: 377)]
36-> United States, Maryland, Wellington; 19/V/1994; Rabaglia, R.J.[MDAC (1) (Rabaglia, R.J. 2003: 377)]
37-> United States, Mississippi, Agricultural College[Unknown () (Blackman, M.W. 1921: 450)]
38-> United States, Mississippi, Corinth; 25/IV/1920; Blackman, M.W.[Unknown (1) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)] [DFEC (20) (Blackman, M.W. 1921: 450) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
39-> United States, Mississippi, Fulton; 4/VII/1921; Drake, C.J.[CNC (52) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
40-> United States, Mississippi, Hattiesburg; 2/XI/1919; Blackman, M.W.[Unknown (1) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)] [DFEC (10) (Blackman, M.W. 1921: 450) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
41-> United States, Mississippi, Iuka; 26/IV/1920; Blackman, M.W.[unknown () (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)] [DFEC (1) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
42-> United States, Mississippi, Meridian; 25/IV/1920; Blackman, M.W.[Unknown (1) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)] [DFEC (1) (Blackman, M.W. 1921: 450) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
43-> United States, Mississippi, PEARL; 25/III/2011; Phillips, J.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
44-> United States, Mississippi, Ripley; 26/IV/1920; Blackman, M.W.[Unknown (1) (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)] [DFEC (1) (Blackman, M.W. 1921: 450) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
45-> United States, Mississippi, VICKSBURG; 25/III/2011; Phillips, J.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (2) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
46-> United States, Mississippi, WAVELAND; 22/III/2011; Phillips, J.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (2) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
47-> United States, North Carolina, Boardman; Hopkins, A.D.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (3) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
48-> United States, North Carolina, Chadbourn[Unknown () (Wood, S.L. 1982: 1133)]
49-> United States, North Carolina, Charlotte; 12/IV/2011; Heath/Lawing; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
50-> United States, North Carolina, Dudley; 12/IV/2011; Blaedow, R.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
51-> United States, North Carolina, Durham; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[Unknown () (Beal, J.A., Massey, C.L. 1945: 764)]
52-> United States, North Carolina, Holly Ridge; 11/IV/2011; Blaedow, R.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
53-> United States, North Carolina, Riegelwood; 11/IV/2011; Blaedow, R.; trap alpha pinene + ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2011: 0)]
54-> United States, North Carolina, Tryon; Hopkins, A.D.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (1) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
55-> United States, South Carolina, North Charleston; 23/IV/2012; Reid, L.; trap: Lindgren Funnel ethanol[unknown (1) (EDRR 2014: 0)]
56-> United States, South Carolina, Savannah River Site; 23/VIII/2011; Coyle, D.R.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[UGCA (41) (TH Atkinson-2011, unpublished)]
57-> United States, Tennessee, Tarlton; 1988; trap: Lindgren Funnel[Unknown () (Oliver J.B., Mannion C.M. 2001: )]
58-> United States, Texas, Angelina NF, 4 mi SE Zavala; 1/VII/1996; Clarke; Menard; Riley, E.G.[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-1997, unpublished)]
59-> United States, Texas, Angelina NF, 5.5 mi SE Zavala; 17/V/1996; Clarke; Menard; Riley, E.G.[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-1997, unpublished)]
60-> United States, Texas, Angelina NF, 7 mi NE Rockland; 2/V/1996; Clarke; Menard; Riley, E.G.[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-1997, unpublished)]
61-> United States, Texas, Angelina NF, 7 mi NE Rockland; 1/VII/1996; Clarke; Menard; Riley, E.G.[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-1997, unpublished)]
62-> United States, Texas, Brazos Bend St. Pk.; 19/III/1999; Raber, B.; Riley, E.G.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[EGRC (1) (TH Atkinson-2012, unpublished)]
63-> United States, Texas, Hempstead; 11/I/2007; Smith, J.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
64-> United States, Texas, Hempstead; 20/VI/2006; Smith, J.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[TAMU (3) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
65-> United States, Texas, Plantersville; 11/V/2006; Smith, J.; trap: bottle trap[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
66-> United States, Texas, Tomball; 24/III/2006; Smith, J.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
67-> United States, Texas, Wellborn; 5/III/2007; Smith, J.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
68-> United States, Texas, Wellborn; 8/III/2007; Smith, J.; trap: Lindgren Funnel[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
69-> United States, Texas, Willis; 21/IV/2006; Smith, J.; trap: bottle trap[TAMU (1) (TH Atkinson-2008, unpublished)]
70-> United States, West Virginia, Charleston; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (1) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
71-> United States, West Virginia, Jackson Co.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (5) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]
72-> United States, West Virginia, Kanawha Co.; Hamamelidaceae: Liquidambar styraciflua[USNM (1) (Bright, D.E. 1981: 64)]

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